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Title: Cardiac arrhythmia and late-onset muscle weakness caused by a myofibrillar myopathy with unusual histopathological features due to a novel missense mutation in FLNC
Authors: Avila-Smirnow, D ×
Gueneau, L
Batonnet-Pichon, S
Delort, F
Bécane, H-M
Claeys, Kristl
Beuvin, M
Goudeau, B
Jais, J-P
Nelson, I
Richard, P
Ben Yaou, R
Romero, N B
Wahbi, K
Mathis, S
Voit, T
Furst, D
van der Ven, P
Gil, Rodrigo
Vicart, P
Fardeau, M
Bonne, G
Behin, A #
Issue Date: Oct-2016
Publisher: Published by Masson for the Société Français de Neurologie
Series Title: Revue Neurologique vol:172 issue:10
Article number: S0035-3787(16)30174-6
Abstract: Myofibrillar myopathies (MFM) are mostly adult-onset diseases characterized by progressive morphological alterations of the muscle fibers beginning in the Z-disk and the presence of protein aggregates in the sarcoplasm. They are mostly caused by mutations in different genes that encode Z-disk proteins, including DES, CRYAB, LDB3, MYOT, FLNC and BAG3. A large family of French origin, presenting an autosomal dominant pattern, characterized by cardiac arrhythmia associated to late-onset muscle weakness, was evaluated to clarify clinical, morphological and genetic diagnosis. Muscle weakness began during adult life (over 30 years of age), and had a proximal distribution. Histology showed clear signs of a myofibrillar myopathy, but with unusual, large inclusions. Subsequently, genetic testing was performed in MFM genes available for screening at the time of clinical/histological diagnosis, and desmin (DES), αB-crystallin (CRYAB), myotilin (MYOT) and ZASP (LDB3), were excluded. LMNA gene screening found the p.R296C variant which did not co-segregate with the disease. Genome wide scan revealed linkage to 7q.32, containing the FLNC gene. FLNC direct sequencing revealed a heterozygous c.3646T>A p.Tyr1216Asn change, co-segregating with the disease, in a highly conserved amino acid of the protein. Normal filamin C levels were detected by Western-blot analysis in patient muscle biopsies and expression of the mutant protein in NIH3T3 showed filamin C aggregates. This is an original FLNC mutation in a MFM family with an atypical clinical and histopathological presentation, given the presence of significantly focal lesions and prominent sarcoplasmic masses in muscle biopsies and the constant heart involvement preceding significantly the onset of the myopathy. Though a rare etiology, FLNC gene should not be excluded in early-onset arrhythmia, even in the absence of myopathy, which occurs later in the disease course.
URI: 
ISSN: 0035-3787
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Division of Mechatronics, Biostatistics and Sensors (MeBioS)
Faculty of Medicine - miscellaneous
Research Group Experimental Neurology
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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