Effectiveness of Depression-Suicidal Behaviour Gatekeeper Training among police officers in three European regions: Outcomes of the Optimising Suicide Prevention Programmes and Their Implementation in Europe (OSPI-Europe) study
Arensman, Ella × Coffey, Claire Griffin, Eve Van Audenhove, Chantal Scheerder, Gert Gusmao, Ricardo Costa, Susana Larkin, Celine Koburger, Nicole Maxwell, Margaret Harris, Fiona Postuvan, Vita Hegerl, Ulrich #
Avenue Pub. Co.
International Journal of Social Psychiatry vol:Ahead of print
Background: Gatekeeper training for community facilitators, to identify and respond to those at risk of suicide, forms
an important part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes.
Aims: This study examined the effects of gatekeeper training on attitudes, knowledge and confidence of police officers in dealing with persons at risk of suicide.
Methods: A total of 828 police officers across three European regions participated in a 4-hour training programme
which addressed the epidemiology of depression and suicidal behaviour, symptoms of depression, warning signs
and risk factors associated with suicidal behaviour, motivating help-seeking behaviour, dealing with acute suicidal crisis and informing bereaved relatives. Participants completed internationally validated questionnaires assessing stigmatising attitudes, knowledge about depression and confidence in dealing with suicidal persons pre- and posttraining.
Results: There were significant differences among countries in terms of previous exposure to suicidal persons and
extent of previous training. Post-training evaluation demonstrated significant improvements in stigmatising attitudes, knowledge and confidence in all three countries.
Conclusion: The consistently positive effects of gatekeeper training of police officers across different regions support
inclusion of this type of training as a fundamental part of multi-level community-based suicide prevention programmes
and roll-out, nationally and internationally.