Title: Acute aerobic activity enhances response inhibition for less than 30 min
Authors: Netz, Yael ×
Abu-Rukun, Mona
Tsuk, Sharon
Dwolatzky, Tzvi
Carasso, Raffi
Levin, Oron
Dunsky, Ayelet #
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Academic Press
Series Title: Brain and Cognition vol:109 pages:59-65
Abstract: Acute exercise appears to facilitate certain aspects of cognitive processing. The possibility that exercise
may lead to more efficient inhibitory processes is of particular interest, owing to the wide range of cognitive
and motor functions that inhibition may underlie. The purpose of the present study was to examine
the immediate and the delayed effect of acute aerobic exercise on response inhibition, motor planning,
and eye-hand coordination in healthy active adults. Forty healthy and active participants (10 females)
with a mean age of 51.88 ± 8.46 years performed the Go-NoGo test (response inhibition) and the Catch
Game (motor planning and eye-hand coordination) before, immediately after, and following a 30-min
recovery period in two conditions: a moderate-intensity aerobic session and a control session. In
2-way repeated measures ANOVAs (2 treatments 3 times) followed by contrast comparisons for post
hoc analyses, significant pre-post interactions – indicating improvements immediately following exercise
but not following the control condition – were observed in the Go-NoGo measures: Accuracy, Reaction
Time, and Performance Index, but not in the Catch Game. In the post-follow-up interaction a deterioration
was observed in Performance Index, and a trend of deterioration in Accuracy and Reaction Time. The
conclusion was that a single session of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise facilitates response inhibition,
but not motor planning or eye-hand coordination, in middle-aged healthy active adults. On the other
hand, the improvement does not last 30 min following a recovery period. Further studies are needed
to examine the duration of the inhibitory control benefits and the accumulative effect of a series of acute
exercise bouts, as well as to determine the brain networks and/or neurotransmitter systems most
affected by the intervention.
ISSN: 0278-2626
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Movement Control & Neuroplasticity Research Group
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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