Novel chain-extended nucleoside phosphoramidates of the anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug d4T (stavudine) have been prepared as possible membrane-permeable prodrugs of the bio-active free 5'-monophosphates. Phosphorochloridate chemistry gave the target compounds in moderate to high yields, and all materials were fully characterized by spectroscopic and analytical methods. The compounds are related to the previously reported phenyl methoxyalaninyl derivative of d4T, which was shown to be a potent and selective inhibitor of HIV. In this study the amino acid nitrogen and ester moieties were separated by methylene spacers of between two and six carbon atoms. In vitro evaluation of these compounds indicated an almost complete lack of anti-HIV activity, the compounds being several orders of magnitude less potent than the corresponding alpha-amino acid derivatives. The reasons for the virtual lack of anti-HIV activity appear to involve poor enzyme-mediated hydrolysis.