Antiviral activity of the acyclic nucleoside phosphonates 9-(2-phosphonylmethoxyethyl)adenine (PMEA) and 9-(3-fluoro-2-phosphonylmethoxypropyl)adenine (FPMPA) against feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) was investigated in field cats. The study was designed as a placebo-controlled double-blind study enrolling 27 FIV infected cats. Nine cats received PMEA at a dosage of 10 mg/kg body weight, nine cats received FPMPA at a dosage of 25 mg/kg body weight. A variety of parameters were established to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of the compounds. The improvement was monitored by different aspects: clinical status, index of Karnofsky modified for the cat, laboratory parameters, immunological parameters, surrogate markers, and a virological parameter. Concerning the clinical and immunological parameters cats of both treatment groups disclosed a relevant improvement. Efficacy of antiviral treatment was a little bit higher in the cats treated with PMEA than in the animals injected with FPMPA. However, side effects were also more prominent in the PMEA treated group.