Bisdommen, seminaries en de Leuvense theologische Faculteit (16de-20ste eeuw)
Jacobus Latomus (ca. 1475-1544) was a professor at the Artes-faculty in Louvain and a licentiate in theology, when he acted as an orator in an academic quaestio quodlibetica, obviously in December 1518. In this quaestio quodlibetica he argued that the care of the souls and regular preaching belonged to the core duties of “prelates”, among whom bishops and pastors were reckoned. Therefore, he summoned bishops and other prelates to execute in person the pastoral duties they were entrusted with, which implied that they should reside on the place where this pastoral care had to be fulfilled. Latomus reacted against all kind of abuses, such as the then widespread absenteeism among bishops and pastors, which in its turn was often caused by the fact that a lot of clercis cumulated various benefices.
Latomus had spent the first part of his study period in Paris, where he had followed artes and may have started his study of theology, before he came to Louvain. In Paris he had become familiar with outspoken opinions regarding the reform of bishops and prelates. One of his sources is Jean Gerson, to whom Latomus refers explicitly at three instances, but who is obviously his source of inspiration for much more of the ideas he expresses in his quaestio quodlibetica. Gerson had especially given vent to his views on the reform of the bishops’ and prelates’ offices during his famous Bonus Pastor-sermon on John 10:11 which he had held on 29 April 1408 during the Synod of Reims, in the presence of the archbishop of the town. Gerson’s sermon, next to other works of the historic leader of the Paris Faculty of Theology, had an not to underestimate influence on the way Latomus formulated his views.