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Title: The Role of Work Stressors, Coping Strategies and Coping Resources in the Process of Workplace Bullying: A Systematic Review and Development of a Comprehensive Model
Authors: Van den Brande, Whitney ×
Baillien, Elfi
De Witte, Hans
Vander Elst, Tinne
Godderis, Lode #
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Pergamon
Series Title: Aggression and Violent Behavior vol:Available online 15 June 2016 issue:29 pages:61-71
Abstract: Both work- and person-related factors may trigger workplace bullying. Work-related factors, such as role stressors, can create a stressful work environment leading to bullying. Additionally, person-related factors, such as emotion-focused coping, could make employees more vulnerable to bullying. In this study, we aimed to develop a comprehensive model integrating these factors. We systematically reviewed studies published between 1984 and 2014. First, we identified the most relevant work-related stressors (role conflict, workload, role ambiguity, job insecurity and cognitive demands) as predictors of being a target of workplace bullying. Second, problem-focused and emotion-focused coping strategies that may moderate the association between stressors and targets of bullying were identified. Third, coping resources that may influence coping strategies were indicated. Results suggested a model in which reappraisal coping, confrontive coping, practical coping, direct coping, active coping, social support (problem-focused coping) and self-care (emotion-focused coping) decrease the association between work stressors and bullying (i.e. buffer-effect). Wishful thinking, emotional coping, avoidance, recreation, social support and suppression (emotion-focused coping) increase this association (i.e. boost-effect). Coping resources (locus of control, self-efficacy, optimism, co-workers support, supervisor support, task complexity, participation in decision-making, autonomy and continuance commitment) related positively to problem-focused coping strategies and negatively to emotion-focused coping strategies.
ISSN: 1359-1789
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Marketing and Organisation Studies (MO), Campus Brussels - miscellaneous
Faculty of Economics and Business (FEB) - miscellaneous
Work, Organisational and Personnel Psychology
Environment and Health - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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