Jacobs Journal of Dentistry and Research vol:3 issue:2
Background and objectives: Resistance to sliding (RS) and friction in orthodontics are matters of interest and widely covered in literature. This systematic review aims to give an overview of studies evaluating the resistance to sliding in orthodontics in relation to the impact of related parameters such as material properties, ligation force, etc.
Search Method: An unlimited electronic search was performed in three data bases (PubMed, Web of Science and Grey Literature Report), including all studies published until the 26th of March 2015. In addition, a manual search was performed of all reference lists to detect any study that could have been missed by the electronic search.
Selection criteria: Studies that addressed a measurable correlation between friction or RS and other parameters were selected and reviewed.
Results: The electronic search resulted in a list of 1420 non-duplicate studies. In addition, 9 more were selected by manual search. Only 245 studies were considered eligible after applying the selection criteria.
Conclusion: Parameters involved in RS as well as their influence on both RS and orthodontic treatment were clearly identified.
Some parameters are not sufficiently covered in literature and require further investigations.
Keywords: Friction; Resistance to Sliding; Orthodontics; Bracket; Archwire; Systematic Review; In Vitro