Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:39 issue:17 pages:3418-22
A series of new ether lipid-3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) conjugates (11a-g) were synthesized and evaluated for anti-HIV activity. The effect of chirality on the antiviral activity was examined through the synthesis of AZT conjugates bearing alkoxypropanols in the lipid portion of the molecule (11a-d). In addition, the long alkyl chain of alkoxyethyl ether lipid-AZT analogs was replaced with aromatic groups (11e-g), and the effect of this structural modification on activity is reported. The results of the biological tests indicate that analogs with a methyl group alpha to the phosphate moiety (11c,d) exhibit a marked degree of stereoselectivity with regard to their anti-HIV activity. Also, replacement of the long alkyl chain with aromatic groups in the oxyalkyl ether phospholipid-AZT conjugates leads to substantially more potent compounds (11e-g) with an anti-HIV activity comparable to that of AZT.