This project studies the influence of culture on learning styles of Romanian students learning Spanish at the Adult Education Centers in Madrid. The data have been gathered in the form of questionnaires and interviews among 200 students, 39 teachers and a group of 10 highly specialized informants. Romanian culture will be analyzed using Hofstede’s (2001) five cultural dimensions framework for categorizing cultural differences, while learning styles will be measured by the CHAEA questionnaire (Alonso, Gallego and Honey, 1992) intended to determine the predominant style preferred by individual learners between active, reflexive, theoretic and pragmatic styles. The study establishes a cut-off point in the year 1990 after the fall of Ceaucescu’s communist regime. From this turning point, Romania has gone through profound changes in society, affecting especially beliefs, attitudes and behaviors, with a relevant impact on the educational field. This research project aims to carry out a comparative study between both periods of time (before and after the fall of communism) exploring the potential impact of the educational culture on students´ learning process and in the Spanish language classroom.