Sparse deconvolution of high-density super-resolution images
Hugelier, Siewert de Rooi, Johan J Bernex, Romain Duwé, Sam Devos, Olivier Sliwa, Michel Dedecker, Peter Eilers, Paul H C Ruckebusch, Cyril # ×
Scientific Reports vol:6 pages:21413
In wide-field super-resolution microscopy, investigating the nanoscale structure of cellular processes, and resolving fast dynamics and morphological changes in cells requires algorithms capable of working with a high-density of emissive fluorophores. Current deconvolution algorithms estimate fluorophore density by using representations of the signal that promote sparsity of the super-resolution images via an L1-norm penalty. This penalty imposes a restriction on the sum of absolute values of the estimates of emitter brightness. By implementing an L0-norm penalty - on the number of fluorophores rather than on their overall brightness - we present a penalized regression approach that can work at high-density and allows fast super-resolution imaging. We validated our approach on simulated images with densities up to 15 emitters per μm(-2) and investigated total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) data of mitochondria in a HEK293-T cell labeled with DAKAP-Dronpa. We demonstrated super-resolution imaging of the dynamics with a resolution down to 55 nm and a 0.5 s time sampling.