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Title: Formation and microstructure of cubic metastable iron silicides synthesized during pulsed laser annealing
Authors: Falepin, Annelies ×
Cottenier, Stefaan
Comrie, CM
Richard, O
Bender, H
Langouche, Guido
Vantomme, André #
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Kluwer academic publ
Series Title: Hyperfine Interactions vol:151 issue:1 pages:131-144
Abstract: The phase formation and crystallization processes of metastable [CsCl]Fe1-xSi phases were investigated by irradiating epsilon-FeSi/Si(111) thin films with a pulsed excimer laser in the energy density range 300-900 mJ/cm(2). The samples were analysed by Rutherford backscattering and channeling spectrometry (RBS/C), cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and conversion electron Mossbauer spectroscopy (CEMS). Laser irradiation results in mixing of the FeSi with the Si substrate, with the final concentration depending on the laser energy density. Due to the extremely rapid quench of the melt, a non-uniform Fe concentration is obtained. Analysis by cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy confirmed that this phase, which exhibits epitaxial ordering, corresponds to the metastable [CsCl]Fe1-xSi phase, which converts into the semiconducting beta-FeSi2 upon annealing at 600degreesC. CEMS indicates that no stable Fe- silicide phase nor a combination of stable phases have been formed. The CEM spectra consist of a distribution of quadrupole doublets and isomer shifts, in agreement with a [CsCl]Fe1-xSi phase that exhibits a (i) composition gradient and (ii) a random number of Fe vacancies in the neighbouring shells. These distributions make the CEM spectra hard to interpret. Full-Potential Linearized Augmented Plane Wave (FLAPW) calculations were performed to gain more insight in the hyperfine interaction parameters of the metastable [CsCl]Fe1-xSi phase and their dependence on a concentration variation. These calculations confirm the decreasing trend of the isomer shift with increasing number of laser pulses.
ISSN: 0304-3843
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Nuclear and Radiation Physics Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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