With the aim of investigating the possible integration of optoelectronic devices, epitaxial GaN layers have been grown on Si(Ill) semiconductor-on-insulator (SOI) and on Si/CoSi2/Si(111) using metalorganic chemical vapor deposition. The samples are found to possess a highly oriented wurtzite structure, a uniform thickness, and abrupt interfaces. The epitaxial orientation is determined as GaN(0001)//Si(111), GaN//Si, and GaN//Si, and the GaN layer is tensilely strained in the direction parallel to the interface. According to Rutherford backscattering/channeling spectrometry and (0002) rocking curves, the crystalline quality of GaN on Si(111) SOI is better than that of GaN on silicide. Room-temperature photoluminescence of GaN/SOI reveals a strong near-band-edge emission at 368 nm (3.37 eV) with a full width at half-maximum of 59 meV. (c) 2005 American Institute of Physics.