Restorative justice (RJ) has emerged around the globe as an accepted approach at nearly every stage of the criminal justice system. However, Western literature has completely ignored the theoretical and practical development of RJ in China. While one of the reasons for this has been the gap and discrepancy in language and cultural background, the other reason has certainly been the lack of empirical research in China itself. The main aim of this thesis is in highlighting and bringing some clarity to the main debates and practices of RJ in China, and contributing to the theory and practice of RJ worldwide. Given the lack of empirical research on victim-offender mediation in China, the thesis aims to understand such a process by means of qualitative research. This research could both enrich the theory of RJ worldwide, and help the Chinese victim-offender mediation field to reflect on its own practice.