Journal of endourology vol:7 issue:5 pages:357-362
The in vitro fragmentation effects of electromagnetic-induced shock wave lithotripsy (Siemens Lithostar) were studied on parallel laminated schists in relation to the incoming shock wave energy and the incoming angle of the incident shock wave. Well above the threshold energy, the total amount of acoustic energy required for fragmentation remained unchanged regardless of the power setting of the high-tension supply. The amount of energy transmitted to the stone was limited by a total reflection angle, restricting the available transmission surface. These observations determine the effect of shock waves on calculi with an irregular shape such as staghorn stones. Lithotripsy-induced cavitation has been recognized, but no immediate influence on disintegration has become apparent until now.