Title: Contribution of epidemiological predictors in unraveling the phylogeographic history of HIV-1 subtype C in Brazil
Authors: Gräf, Tiago ×
Vrancken, Bram
Maletich Junqueira, Dennis
de Medeiros, Rúbia Marília
Suchard, Marc A
Lemey, Philippe
Esteves de Matos Almeida, Sabrina
Pinto, Aguinaldo Roberto #
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Series Title: Journal of Virology vol:89 issue:24 pages:12341-8
Article number: 10.1128/JVI.01681-15
Abstract: The phylogeographic history of the Brazilian HIV-1 subtype C (HIV-1C) epidemic is still unclear. Previous studies have mainly focused on the capital cities of Brazilian federal states, and the fact that HIV-1C infections increase at a higher rate than subtype B infections in Brazil calls for a better understanding of the process of spatial spread. A comprehensive sequence data set sampled across 22 Brazilian locations was assembled and analyzed. A Bayesian phylogeographic generalized linear model approach was used to reconstruct the spatiotemporal history of HIV-1C in Brazil, considering several potential explanatory predictors of the viral diffusion process. Analyses were performed on several subsampled data sets in order to mitigate potential sample biases. We reveal a central role for the city of Porto Alegre, the capital of the southernmost state, in the Brazilian HIV-1C epidemic (HIV-1C_BR), and the northward expansion of HIV-1C_BR could be linked to source populations with higher HIV-1 burdens and larger proportions of HIV-1C infections. The results presented here bring new insights to the continuing discussion about the HIV-1C epidemic in Brazil and raise an alternative hypothesis for its spatiotemporal history. The current work also highlights how sampling bias can confound phylogeographic analyses and demonstrates the importance of incorporating external information to protect against this.
ISSN: 0022-538X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Clinical and Epidemiological Virology (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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