The tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 is required for cell transformation by the receptor tyrosine kinase mutants FIP1L1-PDGFRα and PDGFRα D842V
Noël, Laura A Arts, Florence A Montano-Almendras, Carmen P Cox, Luk Gielen, Olga Toffalini, Federica Marbehant, Catherine Y Cools, Jan Demoulin, Jean-Baptiste # ×
Molecular Oncology vol:8 issue:3 pages:728-40
Activated forms of the platelet derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα) have been described in various tumors, including FIP1L1-PDGFRα in patients with myeloproliferative diseases associated with hypereosinophilia and the PDGFRα(D842V) mutant in gastrointestinal stromal tumors and inflammatory fibroid polyps. To gain a better insight into the signal transduction mechanisms of PDGFRα oncogenes, we mutated twelve potentially phosphorylated tyrosine residues of FIP1L1-PDGFRα and identified three mutations that affected cell proliferation. In particular, mutation of tyrosine 720 in FIP1L1-PDGFRα or PDGFRα(D842V) inhibited cell growth and blocked ERK signaling in Ba/F3 cells. This mutation also decreased myeloproliferation in transplanted mice and the proliferation of human CD34(+) hematopoietic progenitors transduced with FIP1L1-PDGFRα. We showed that the non-receptor protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 bound directly to tyrosine 720 of FIP1L1-PDGFRα. SHP2 knock-down decreased proliferation of Ba/F3 cells transformed with FIP1L1-PDGFRα and PDGFRα(D842V) and affected ERK signaling, but not STAT5 phosphorylation. Remarkably, SHP2 was not essential for cell proliferation and ERK phosphorylation induced by the wild-type PDGF receptor in response to ligand stimulation, suggesting a shift in the function of SHP2 downstream of oncogenic receptors. In conclusion, our results indicate that SHP2 is required for cell transformation and ERK activation by mutant PDGF receptors.