International Series in Operations Research & Management Science
Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations pages:205-227
Many rigorous models have been developed to support the design of humanitarian supply chains. Supply chains supportive of Access to Medicines (ATM), like vaccine supply chains impose considerable additional challenges on this design process. We embed these models in a broader stakeholder based frame-work. This will substantially enhance the societal and human impact of the ATM supply chain service delivery. This broader base of stakeholders will deliver a balanced set of Key Performance Indicators, against which the new design options or scenarios will be evaluated. These scenarios will be the outcome of an iterative de-sign and modelling process moderated by a group of key stakeholders. Subsequently, a multi-criteria ranking method will reveal a shortlist of championing scenarios. Finally, a group decision process will decide on the final supply chain design choice. Moreover, the acceptance and buy-in of the (re)designed supply chain will be much more evident for all stakeholders involved. The main purpose of this paper is to present a general framework for ATM supply chain design which constitutes a stakeholder’s framework encapsulating a rigorous modelling approach. We build upon our own experience within a vaccine supply chain.