Journal of sound and vibration vol:270 issue:4-5 pages:865-885
The propagation of acoustic waves in porous materials having a rigid frame is well described by several models. A doubt about the causality of these models has been raised recently in the literature. A verification of the causality of these models is studied in this paper using the Kramers-Kronig dispersion relations adapted to the frequency power law dependence of the attenuation. It is shown that these models are causal in the high- and low-frequency range. A time domain wave equation and time-causal theory have been treated. (C) 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.