Title: Highly potent and selective inhibition of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 by a novel series of 6-substituted acyclouridine derivatives
Authors: Baba, M ×
De Clercq, Erik
Tanaka, H
Ubasawa, M
Takashima, H
Sekiya, K
Nitta, I
Umezu, K
Walker, R T
Mori, S #
Issue Date: Jun-1991
Publisher: American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Series Title: Molecular Pharmacology vol:39 issue:6 pages:805-10
Abstract: In the search for novel derivatives of 1-[2-(hydroxyethoxy)methyl]-6-(phenylthio)thymine (HEPT), we have found that several 5-ethyl-6-(3,5-dimethylphenylthio)uracil and 5-ethyl-6-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl)uracil analogues are exquisitely potent and selective inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) replication in a variety of cell culture systems. Of this series, 5-ethyl-1-ethoxymethyl-6-(3,5-dimethylbenzyl)uracil (E-EBU-dM) emerged as the most active congener. Its 50% inhibitory concentration for HIV-1 (HTLV-IIIB) in MT-4 cells and peripheral blood lymphocytes is 2.2 and 0.45 nM, respectively. These concentrations are more than 10(5)-fold lower than the 50% cytotoxic concentrations of E-EBU-dM for the host cells. All compounds proved equally inhibitory to a number of clinical HIV-1 isolates, including a 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine-resistant variant. However, as previously noted for HEPT, they do not inhibit human immunodeficiency virus type 2 replication. Reverse transcriptase assays have revealed that these HEPT derivatives act specifically on HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, according to a mechanism that is different from that of the dideoxynucleosides.
ISSN: 0026-895X
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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