Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:34 issue:8 pages:2380-3
9-[(2-Hydroxyethoxy)methyl]guanine (acyclovir, 1a) and 9-[(1,3-dihydroxy-2-propoxy)methyl]guanine (DHPG, ganciclovir, 1b) were transformed to their respective tricyclic derivatives, 3-substituted 3,9-dihydro-9-oxo-5H-imidazo[1,2-a]purines 2b, 3a, and 3b. The 6-methyl-substituted compound 2b was obtained following reaction of 1b with bromoacetone. A two-step approach via 1-(2,2-diethoxyethyl) intermediates 4a,b was the most effective for the preparation of the derivatives unsubstituted in the appended ring (3a,b). The novel acyclonucleosides, in particular ganciclovir derivative 2b, proved markedly active against herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2, varicella-zoster virus, and cytomegalovirus.