Branched-chain sugar nucleosides: stereocontrolled synthesis and bioevaluation of novel 3'-C-trifluoromethyl and 3'-C-methyl pyranonucleosides
Kollatos, Nikolaos × Manta, Stella Dimopoulou, Athina Parmenopoulou, Vanessa Triantakonstanti, Virginia V Kellici, Tahsin Mavromoustakos, Thomas Schols, Dominique Komiotis, Dimitri #
Elsevier Scientific Pub.
Carbohydrate Research vol:407 pages:170-8
A new series of 3'-C-trifluoromethyl- and 3'-C-methyl-β-d-allopyranonucleosides of 5-fluorouracil and their deoxy derivatives has been designed and synthesized. Treatment of ketosugar 1 with trifluoromethyltrimethylsilane under catalytic fluoride activation and methyl magnesium bromide, gave 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-C-trifluoromethyl (2a) and 3-C-methyl (2b)-α-d-allofuranose, respectively, in a virtually quantitative yield and with complete stereoselectivity. Hydrolysis followed by acetylation led to the 1,2,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-3-C-trifluoromethyl (3a) and 3-C-methyl (3b)-β-d-allopyranose. Compounds 3a,b were then condensed with silylated 5-fluorouracil and deacetylated to afford the target nucleosides 5a,b. Deoxygenation of the peracylated allopyranoses 3a,b followed by condensation with silylated 5-fluorouracil and subsequent deacetylation yielded the target 3'-deoxy-3'-C-trifluoromethyl and 3'-deoxy-3'-C-methyl-β-d-glucopyranonucleosides 14a,b. The newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their potential antiviral and cytostatic activities. The 3'-deoxy-3'-C-methyl- ribonucleoside 11b showed significant cytotoxic activity (∼7 μM) almost equally active against a variety of tumor cell lines.