Title: Automaticity: Componential, causal, and mechanistic explanations
Authors: Moors, Agnes # ×
Issue Date: Jan-2016
Publisher: Annual Reviews, Inc.
Series Title: Annual Review of Psychology vol:67 pages:263-287
Abstract: The paper first discusses componential explanations of automaticity, which specify non/automaticity features (e.g., un/controlled, un/conscious, non/efficient, fast/slow) and their interrelations. Reframing these features as factors that influence processes (e.g., goals, attention, time) broadens the range of factors that can be considered (e.g., adding stimulus intensity and representational quality). The evidence reviewed challenges the view of a perfect coherence among goals, attention, and consciousness, and supports the alternative view that (a) these and other factors influence the quality of representations in an additive way (e.g., little time can be compensated by extra attention or extra stimulus intensity), and that (b) a first threshold of this quality is required for unconscious and a second threshold for conscious processing. The paper closes with a discussion of causal explanations of automaticity, which specify factors involved in automatization such as repetition and complexity, and a discussion of mechanistic explanations, which specify the low-level processes underlying automatization.
ISSN: 0066-4308
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Quantitative Psychology and Individual Differences
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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