Review of scientific instruments vol:70 issue:6 pages:2708-2710
The relation between the voltage induced in an open sensor and the magnetic moment of a sample during pulsed field magnetization measurements has been calculated. The calculation takes into account the size of a sample, its internal flux distribution, and its position with respect to the center of the sensor. It has been found that the behavior of the response signal with respect to the sample position is the same for homogeneously magnetized Ni samples and high temperature superconductors. Because of this universality, it is possible to calibrate the open sensor even in the case of an unfavorable sample geometry. The calculations have been experimentally verified by using Ni samples with different geometries. Our results can easily be extended to samples with an arbitrary local field distribution. (C) 1999 American Institute of Physics. [S0034-6748(99)01606-8].