This article tests the contribution that social capital theory, performance theory,
and the procedural justice-based model can make towards explaining the
trust of majority and minority group members in the police. The central
research questions are: (1) do the same factors determine their levels of trust?
and (2) are the effects parallel? To answer these questions, we carried out
regression analyses on data collected from majority and minority group members
living in Belgium (960 face-to-face interviews). The results show that,
although the three theories offer explanatory elements for members of both
majority and minority groups, the explanation of their trust in the police is
not identical. Implications for research and theorization are discussed.