VEGF/VEGFR2 interaction down-regulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 via STAT1 activation and inhibits B chronic lymphocytic leukemia cell migration
Ugarte Berzal, Estefania × Redondo-Muñoz, Javier Eroles, Pilar Del Cerro, Mercedes Hernández García-Marco, José A Terol, María José García-Pardo, Angeles #
Blood vol:115 issue:4 pages:846-9
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) migration involves several molecules, including matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). We have studied whether VEGF regulates MMP-9. VEGF significantly reduced MMP-9 protein expression in a dose-dependent manner, measured by gelatin zymography. Blocking the VEGFR2 receptor restored MMP-9 levels, implicating this receptor in the observed effect. Down-regulation of MMP-9 by VEGF resulted in significant inhibition of B-CLL cell migration through Matrigel or human umbilical vein endothelial cells, confirming the crucial role of MMP-9 in these processes. Reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction analyses revealed that VEGF regulated MMP-9 at the transcriptional level. Indeed, VEGF induced STAT1 tyrosine phosphorylation, and this was blocked by inhibiting VEGFR2. STAT1 was responsible for MMP-9 down-regulation, as STAT1 gene silencing restored MMP-9 production and B-CLL cell migration in the presence of VEGF. Thus, the levels of VEGF and MMP-9 influence B-CLL cell expansion and both molecules could constitute therapeutic targets for this disease.