Journal of Orthopaedic Research vol:33 issue:7 pages:1094-102
Patients with hip pathology present alterations in gait which have an effect on joint moments and loading. In knee osteoarthritic patients the relation between medial knee contact forces and the knee adduction moment is currently being exploited to define gait retraining strategies to effectively reduce pain and disease progression. However, the relation between hip contact forces and joint moments has not been clearly established. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effect of changes in hip and pelvis kinematics during gait on internal hip moments and contact forces calculated using muscle driven simulations. The results showed that frontal plane kinetics have the largest effect on hip contact forces. Given the high correlation between the change in hip adduction moment and contact force at initial stance (R(2) = 0.87), this parameter can be used to alter kinematics and predict changes in contact force. At terminal stance the hip adduction and flexion moment can be used to predict changes in contact force (R(2) = 0.76). Therefore, gait training that focuses on decreasing hip adduction moments, a wide base gait pattern, has the largest potential to reduce hip contact forces. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.