‘Vergeten’ Bandkeramiek: een Odyssee naar de oudste neolithische bewoning in Nederland pages:457-475
As evident from archaeological excavations, red ochre, or hematite-rich ironstone, was widely used for ceremonial, mortuary, and other purposes in the Dutch Linearbandkeramik (LBK). This study aims to obtain a better understanding of the different types of red ochre found at the Dutch LBK sites, their composition, provenance, formation processes, and function. Red ochre finds from several more recently excavated Dutch LBK sites have been added to the dataset of the sites of the Odyssee project reported in this publication. The samples have been studied morphologically and have been analysed by handheld X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (HH-XRF). A subset of the sample has also been analysed using laboratory X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy (XRF) in order to evaluate the reliability of the HH-XRF results. This resulted in the identification of three categories of red ochre with different geological origins.