Title: Reducing Salt Intake for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease-Times Are Changing
Authors: Stolarz-Skrzypek, Katarzyna
Staessen, Jan A # ×
Issue Date: Mar-2015
Publisher: WB Saunders Co.
Series Title: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease vol:22 issue:2 pages:108-115
Article number: S1548-5595(14)00203-1
Abstract: The evidence relating blood pressure to salt intake in humans originates from population studies and randomized clinical trials of interventions on dietary salt intake. Estimates from meta-analyses of trials in normotensive subjects generally are similar to estimates derived from prospective population studies (+1.7 mm Hg increase in systolic blood pressure per 100-mmol increment in 24-hour urinary sodium). This estimate, however, does not translate into an increased risk of incident hypertension in subjects consuming a high salt diet. Prospective studies relating health outcomes to 24-hour urinary sodium excretion produced inconsistent results. Taken together, available evidence does not support the current recommendations of a generalized and indiscriminate reduction of salt intake at the population level, although the blood pressure-lowering effect of dietary sodium restriction might be of value in hypertensive patients.
ISSN: 1548-5595
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Cardiovascular Sciences - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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