The Paired Basic Amino Acid-cleaving Enzyme 4 (PACE4) Is Involved in the Maturation of Insulin Receptor Isoform B: AN OPPORTUNITY TO REDUCE THE SPECIFIC INSULIN RECEPTOR-DEPENDENT EFFECTS OF INSULIN-LIKE GROWTH FACTOR 2 (IGF2)
Kara, Imène × Poggi, Marjorie Bonardo, Bernadette Govers, Roland Landrier, Jean-François Tian, Sun Leibiger, Ingo Day, Robert Creemers, John Peiretti, Franck #
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Journal of Biological Chemistry vol:290 issue:5 pages:2812-21
Gaining the full activity of the insulin receptor (IR) requires the proteolytic cleavage of its proform by intra-Golgi furin-like activity. In mammalian cells, IR is expressed as two isoforms (IRB and IRA) that are responsible for insulin action. However, only IRA transmits the growth-promoting and mitogenic effects of insulin-like growth factor 2. Here we demonstrate that the two IR isoforms are similarly cleaved by furin, but when this furin-dependent maturation is inefficient, IR proforms move to the cell surface where the proprotein convertase PACE4 selectively supports IRB maturation. Therefore, in situations of impaired furin activity, the proteolytic maturation of IRB is greater than that of IRA, and accordingly, the amount of phosphorylated IRB is also greater than that of IRA. We highlight the ability of a particular proprotein convertase inhibitor to effectively reduce the maturation of IRA and its associated mitogenic signaling without altering the signals emanating from IRB. In conclusion, the selective PACE4-dependent maturation of IRB occurs when furin activity is reduced; accordingly, the pharmacological inhibition of furin reduces IRA maturation and its mitogenic potential without altering the insulin effects.