Les rythmes saisonniers de l'élevage porcin sur deux sites archéologiques : le tell chalcolithique de Bordusani Popina (Roumanie) et le village gaulois de Levroux Les Arènes (France)
Frémondeau, Delphine Balasescu, Adrian Tresset, Anne Horard-Herbin, Marie-Pierre Ughetto-Monfrin, Joël Popovici, Dragomir Balasse, Marie
Making Meat: Practices and representations, IEHCA Conference location:Tours (France) date:29 November - 1 December 2012
Since its domestication, pig played an important role in human diet, providing meat and fat. The study of pig husbandry strategies informs on the modalities of pork production and supply, and the place of pork relative to other meats.
By combining a fine interpretation of mortality profiles with stable isotope analysis (18O, 13C and 15N of tooth and bone samples) and the study of linear enamel hypoplasia, we investigate more precisely some of the zootechnical parameters of pig husbandry.
The conjunction of these three methodologies gives information on:
- seasonality of pig birth and slaughtering, documenting the regularity of pork supply;
- pig’s diet at a seasonal scale;
- physiological stress potentially underwent by the pigs.
These issues will be addressed specifically on two archaeological assemblages: Popina Borduşani, a settlement on the Danube river in Romania dated to the late Chalcolithic (second half of the 5th mil. B.C.); and Levroux Les Arènes (Indre, France), a settlement of craftmen inhabited during the second Iron Age. On both sites, previous studies of the zooarchaeological assemblages revealed a predominant role of pigs in the subsistence strategy.