PTPσ functions as a presynaptic receptor for the glypican-4/LRRTM4 complex and is essential for excitatory synaptic transmission
Ko, Ji Seung × Pramanik, Gopal Um, Ji Won Shim, Ji Seon Lee, Dongmin Kim, Kee Hun Chung, Gug-Young Condomitti, Giuseppe Kim, Ho Min Kim, Hyun de Wit, Joris Park, Kang-Sik Tabuchi, Katsuhiko Ko, Jaewon #
National Academy of Sciences
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol:112 issue:6 pages:1874-9
Leukocyte common antigen-related receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases-comprising LAR, PTPδ, and PTPσ-are synaptic adhesion molecules that organize synapse development. Here, we identify glypican 4 (GPC-4) as a ligand for PTPσ. GPC-4 showed strong (nanomolar) affinity and heparan sulfate (HS)-dependent interaction with the Ig domains of PTPσ. PTPσ bound only to proteolytically cleaved GPC-4 and formed additional complex with leucine-rich repeat transmembrane protein 4 (LRRTM4) in rat brains. Moreover, single knockdown (KD) of PTPσ, but not LAR, in cultured neurons significantly reduced the synaptogenic activity of LRRTM4, a postsynaptic ligand of GPC-4, in heterologous synapse-formation assays. Finally, PTPσ KD dramatically decreased both the frequency and amplitude of excitatory synaptic transmission. This effect was reversed by wild-type PTPσ, but not by a HS-binding-defective PTPσ mutant. Our results collectively suggest that presynaptic PTPσ, together with GPC-4, acts in a HS-dependent manner to maintain excitatory synapse development and function.