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Title: Early and Middle Holocene human occupation of the Egyptian Eastern Desert: Sodmein Cave
Authors: Vermeersch, Pierre ×
Linseele, Veerle
Marinova, Elena
Van Neer, Wim
Moeyersons, Jan
Rethemeyer, J. #
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Springer
Series Title: African Archaeological Review vol:32 pages:465-503
Article number: doi:10.1007/s10437-015-9195-6
Abstract: In this paper, we discuss human occupation during the Early and Middle Holocene in the Eastern Desert of Egypt, based mainly on the data provided by excavated deposits from the Sodmein Cave, which produced an important Holocene stratigraphic sequence. This sequence is dated by a large number of conventional and AMS 14C dates. It appears that the area was empty of human occupation during the Late Glacial Maximum (LGM) and the earliest Holocene. With improved climatic conditions, humans arrived in the area, as hunter-gatherers using no ceramics, from around 7.1 to 6.4 Ka cal BC. Humans were absent from the cave during the Holocene 8.2 Ka event (ca. 6.3 Ka cal BC). From 6.2 to 5.0 Ka cal BC, herders visited the site on a regular basis importing caprines. The bone evidence for domesticated small stock is very limited at Sodmein but is nevertheless extremely important, as it contains the oldest known specimens for Africa to date. After 5.0 Ka cal BC, the area was almost entirely deserted.
Description: Afr Archaeol Rev DOI 10.1007/s10437-015-9195-6
ISSN: 0263-0338
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity Conservation Section
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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