Importance of the interaction between plasminogen and fibrin for plasminogen activation by tissue-type plasminogen activator
Dunn, F W × Deguchi, K Soria, J Soria, C Lijnen, Roger Tobelem, G Caen, J #
Thrombosis research vol:36 issue:4 pages:345-51
The potentiating effect of fibrin monomer on plasminogen activation by tissue-type plasminogen activator is much more important with lys-plasminogen than with mini-plasminogen (which lacks the high affinity lysine-binding site important for binding to fibrin). Furthermore, this potentiating effect is totally abolished when lys-plasminogen is eluted from fibrin by the addition of 1 mM epsilon-amino caproic acid. Binding does however not seem to be the only condition required since it was found that fragment D is a much stronger potentiator of the activation of plasminogen by tissue-type plasminogen activator than fragment E although plasminogen binds to both fragment D and fragment E. Furthermore, fragment E has the same effect on the activation of lys-and mini-plasminogen by tissue-type plasminogen activator. Therefore, it is suggested that binding of plasminogen to fibrin involves a conformational change in the plasminogen molecule, facilitating its activation by tissue-type plasminogen activator.