The chemically activated luciferase gene expression (CALUX) in vitro cell bioassay is a bioanalytical tool that is increasingly being used by research and commercial laboratories for the screening and relative quantification of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in sample extracts. Since CALUX analyses provide a biological response to all aryl hydrocarbon receptor active compounds present in a given sample extract containing a complex mixture of chemicals, interpretation of results is significantly more complex than of chemical analyses. Operators in the laboratory can adjust many parameters when performing CALUX analyses, and the applied procedure strongly affects the result and, hence, the interpretation of the results. This paper examines critical methodological parameters and aspects of the CALUX bioassay that can affect the quality and accuracy of the analyses. Moreover, the study aims to identify the ways that a Iteration of these parameters influences CALUX measurements. A greater understanding of these characteristics will lead to increased accuracy, precision, and reproducibility of the widely used CALUX bioassay within and between research laboratories.