Title: Effects of CO2 on the formation of flavour volatiles during fermentation with immobilised brewer's yeast
Authors: Shen, HY ×
De Schrijver, S
Moonjai, N
Verstrepen, Kevin
Delvaux, Filip
Delvaux, Freddy #
Issue Date: 2004
Publisher: Springer-verlag
Series Title: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology vol:64 issue:5 pages:636-643
Abstract: Immobilised-cell fermentors offer great benefits compared to traditional free-cell systems. However, a major problem is unbalanced flavour production when these fermentors are used for the production of alcoholic beverages. One of the keys to obtaining better control over flavour formation may be the concentration of dissolved CO2, which has inhibitory effects on yeast growth and metabolism. This article demonstrates that the presence of immobilisation matrices facilitates the removal of CO2 from the liquid medium, which results in a low level of dissolved CO2 during fermentation. Moreover, the formation of volatile higher alcohols and esters was greatly enhanced in the immobilised-cell system when compared to the free cell system. By sparging a CO2 flow (45 ml/min) into the immobilised-cell system, cell growth was reduced by 10-30% during the active fermentation stage, while the fermentation rate was unaffected. The uptake of branched-chain amino acids was reduced by 8-22%, and the formation of higher alcohols and esters was reduced on average by 15% and 18%, respectively. The results of this study suggest that mismatched flavour profiles with immobilised-cell systems can be adjusted by controlling the level of dissolved CO2 during fermentation with immobilised yeast.
ISSN: 0175-7598
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Centre for Food and Microbial Technology
Centre of Microbial and Plant Genetics
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.

© Web of science