Recommendations for cardiac chamber quantification by echocardiography in adults: an update from the american society of echocardiography and the European association of cardiovascular imaging
Lang, Roberto M × Badano, Luigi P Mor-Avi, Victor Afilalo, Jonathan Armstrong, Anderson Ernande, Laura Flachskampf, Frank A Foster, Elyse Goldstein, Steven A Kuznetsova, Tatiana Lancellotti, Patrizio Muraru, Denisa Picard, Michael H Rietzschel, Ernst R Rudski, Lawrence Spencer, Kirk T Tsang, Wendy Voigt, Jens-Uwe #
Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography vol:28 issue:1 pages:1-39.e14
The rapid technological developments of the past decade and the changes in echocardiographic practice brought about by these developments have resulted in the need for updated recommendations to the previously published guidelines for cardiac chamber quantification, which was the goal of the joint writing group assembled by the American Society of Echocardiography and the European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging. This document provides updated normal values for all four cardiac chambers, including three-dimensional echocardiography and myocardial deformation, when possible, on the basis of considerably larger numbers of normal subjects, compiled from multiple databases. In addition, this document attempts to eliminate several minor discrepancies that existed between previously published guidelines.