Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology vol:x pages:xx-xx
Previous research has shown that the emotional fit of immigrant minorities to the new culture is associated with their exposure to the new culture (e.g., De Leersnyder, Mesquita, & Kim, 2011). The current research investigated the same immigrants’ maintenance of the heritage culture’s emotions, and explored the dynamics between new culture and heritage culture emotions. To this end, we conducted two studies in which we compared (in Study 1) the emotions of Korean Americans with those of Koreans (n = 80), and (in Study 2) the emotions of Turkish Belgians with those of Turks (n = 250). Whereas minorities did not fit the heritage emotional patterns as well as participants in their cultures of origin, heritage culture friends and interactions in heritage culture settings explained within-group differences in the emotions of immigrant minorities. Some first evidence is provided for emotional frame-switching.