Title: Exploring the possibilities of capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection in combination with liquid chromatography for the analysis of polar compounds using aminoglycosides as test case
Authors: Jankovics, Péter
Chopra, Shruti
El-Attug, Mohamed N
Cabooter, Deirdre
Wolfs, Kris
Noszál, Béla
Van Schepdael, Ann
Adams, Erwin # ×
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Publisher: Pergamon Press
Series Title: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis vol:112 pages:155-68
Article number: S0731-7085(14)00610-4
Abstract: The analysis of highly polar (often charged) compounds which lack a strong UV absorbing chromophore is really challenging. Despite the numerous analytical methods published, the demand for a simple, robust and cheap technique for their analysis still persists. Here, reversed phase (RP) liquid chromatography (LC) with capacitively coupled contactless conductivity detection (C(4)D) was explored for the first time as a possible method for separation and detection of various aminoglycoside (AMG) antibiotics which were taken as typical test compounds: tobramycin (TOB), spectinomycin, streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin A and kanamycin B. C(4)D was performed using a commercially available as well as a laboratory made cell. As ion-pairing reagents (IPR) four perfluorinated carboxylic acids were used: pentafluoropropionic acid, heptafluorobutyric acid, nonafluoropentanoic acid (NFPA) and pentadecafluorooctanoic acid (PDFOA). 0.125mM NFPA-acetonitrile (ACN) (90:10) or 0.125mM PDFOA-ACN (70:30) as mobile phases were suitable to detect TOB with reasonable retention times. However, NFPA was preferred for practical reasons. Its applicable concentration range in the mobile phase was strongly restricted by loss of chromatographic performance at lower levels and excessive background conductivity at higher levels. Overall repeatability and robustness of the method were rather poor which was explained by the relatively low IPR levels. Selectivity between the tested AMGs was mainly influenced by the number of protonated amino groups per molecule making it impossible to separate compounds of equal net charges. Problems encountered with gradient elution, hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) and separation at high pH without IPRs are also discussed.
ISSN: 0731-7085
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Pharmaceutical Analysis
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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