Humans are very sensitive to the presence of other living persons or animals in their surrounding. Human actions can readily be perceived, even in a noisy environment. We recently demonstrated that biological motion, which schematically represents human motion, influences smooth pursuit eye movements during the initiation period (Orban de Xivry, Coppe, Lefèvre, & Missal, 2010). This smooth pursuit response is driven both by a visuomotor pathway, which transforms retinal inputs into motor commands, and by a memory pathway, which is directly related to the predictive properties of smooth pursuit. To date, it is unknown which of these pathways is influenced by biological motion. In the present study, we first use a theoretical model to demonstrate that an influence of biological motion on the visuomotor and memory pathways might both explain its influence on smooth pursuit initiation. In light of this model, we made theoretical predictions of the possible influence of biological motion on smooth pursuit during and after the transient blanking of the stimulus. These qualitative predictions were then compared with recordings of eye movements acquired before, during and after the transient blanking of the stimulus. The absence of difference in smooth pursuit eye movements during blanking of the stimuli and the stronger visually guided smooth pursuit reacceleration after reappearance of the biological motion stimuli in comparison with control stimuli suggests that biological motion influences the visuomotor pathway but not the memory pathway.