The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery vol:25 issue:6 pages:2121-6
This study was aimed to investigate a modified buccal osteotomy technique and whether the integrity of the lingual part of the lower border influences the attachment of the neurovascular bundle to the proximal segment of the mandible during a sagittal split osteotomy without increasing the number of bad splits. The presence of self-reported sensibility disturbance in the lower lip at the last follow-up visit was assessed. This study included 220 and 133 patients with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy undergoing the classical and the new modified buccal osteotomy techniques, respectively. In the new technique, the lower border is divided into a lingual fragment that remains incorporated in the tooth-bearing fragment and a buccal fragment that comes with the proximal fragment (buccal plate). In the classical technique, the inferior alveolar nerve was attached to the proximal segment of the mandible in more than one third of operation sites (36.36% on the right and 40.91% on the left) compared with less than one fourth of the operation sites using the new technique (9.73% on the right and 23.01% on the left). The overall figure of self-reported changed sensibility was 09.40% (12/128) in the new technique compared to 15.12% in the classical technique. We present a suitable improvement to the classical buccal osteotomy technique that allows less manipulation and injury of the inferior alveolar nerve with consequent reduction in self-reported postoperative changes in lower lip sensation.This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License, where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially.