Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry vol:52 issue:26 pages:8144-8150
A proteinaceous pectin methylesterase inhibitor (PMEI) was isolated from kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis cv. Hayward) and purified by affinity chromatography on a cyanogen bromide (CNBr) Sepharose 4B-orange PME column. The optimal pH of banana PME activity was 7.0, whereas that for carrot and strawberry PME activity was 9.0. The optimal pH for the binding between kiwi fruit PMEI and these PMEs was 7.0. The kiwi fruit PMEI has a different affinity for PME depending on the plant source. The inhibition kinetics of kiwi fruit PMEI to banana and strawberry PME followed a noncompetitive type, whereas that to carrot PME followed a competitive type. The kiwi fruit PMEI was mixed with banana, carrot, and strawberry PME to obtain PMEI-PME complexes, which were then subjected to thermal (40-80 degreesC, atmospheric pressure) or high-pressure (10 degreesC, 100-600 MPa) treatment. Experimental data showed that the PMEI-PME complexes were easily dissociated by both thermal and high-pressure treatments.