Synthesis of (E)-5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propenyl)-2'-deoxyuridine and related analogues: potent and unusually selective antiviral activity of (E)-5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propenyl)-2'-deoxyuridine against herpes simplex virus type 1
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry vol:27 issue:3 pages:279-84
Syntheses of (E)-5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propenyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (TFPe-dUrd) (1), 5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-propyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (11), 5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-methoxy-1-propyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (8), and 5-(3,3,3-trifluoro-1-hydroxy-1-propyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (10) from 5-chloromercuri-2'-deoxyuridine are described. The antiviral activity of TFPe-dUrd was determined in cell culture against herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), and vaccinia virus and compared concurrently with 5-(1-propenyl)-2'-deoxyuridine, 5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine, 5-iodo-2'-deoxyuridine, and 5-(trifluoromethyl)-2'-deoxyuridine. TFPe-dUrd demonstrated a potent and unusually selective activity against HSV-1, with a 2-log reduction in virus yield at 0.03 micrograms/mL (0.09 microM); L-1210 cell growth was inhibited by 50% only at 290 micrograms/mL. Isopycnic centrifugation of 32P-labeled DNA indicated that if 0.5 or 2 microM TFPe-dUrd was present for 0-6 h postinfection, viral DNA synthesis was reduced by ca. 50 and 85%, respectively; concomitantly, a new DNA band appeared at lower density than normal cellular or viral DNA.