Title: In vitro susceptibility of varicella-zoster virus to E-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine and related compounds
Authors: De Clercq, Erik ×
Descamps, J
Ogata, M
Shigeta, S #
Issue Date: Jan-1982
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Series Title: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy vol:21 issue:1 pages:33-8
Abstract: The in vitro susceptibility of eight strains of varicella-zoster virus (VZV) to E-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine (BVDU) was examined in human embryonic fibroblasts by the following techniques: inhibition of focus formation by either cell-free VZV (4-day assay) or cell-associated VZV (2-day assay), inhibition of viral antigen formation (2-day assay), and inhibition of viral cytopathogenicity (15-day assay). The 50% inhibitory dose (ID50) of BVDU ranged from 0.001 microgram/ml (2-day assay) to 0.01 microgram/ml (15-day assay). BVDU appeared highly selective in its anti-VZV activity since even at concentrations as high as 100 micrograms/ml, BVDU did not markedly affect the viability of the host cells. The ID50 of BVDU for VZV was comparable to that of IVDU (E-5-(2-iodovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine). Both drugs inhibited the replication of VZV at a much lower concentration than did other antiviral compounds such as iododeoxyuridine, ethyldeoxyuridine, arabinosylcytosine, arabinosyladenine, phosphonoacetic acid, iododeoxycytidine, and acycloguanosine. BVDU and IVDU were virtually inactive against a thymidine kinase-deficient VZV mutant, suggesting that phosphorylation by the viral enzyme is responsible, at least in part, for the selective anti-VZV activity of the compounds.
ISSN: 0066-4804
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Laboratory of Virology and Chemotherapy (Rega Institute)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

Files in This Item:

There are no files associated with this item.

Request a copy


All items in Lirias are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.