It is well-established that armed political con
ict has a detrimental effect on food security and
household welfare: conflict induces food insecurity by reducing own food production, access to food through the market, and various other resources to sustain healthy and productive lives. One way of mitigating these adverse eects is to provide food aid. In this study we evaluate the
impact of a World Food Programme intervention on household food security and asset protection among conflict-affected households in Northern Uganda. We employ propensity score matching to estimate the average treatment eect on food expenditure, food consumption and preservation of
assets using a sample of 1265 observations from a 2008 survey. Our results reveal that the operation's system of targeting beneciaries was eective and in accordance with programme objectives. Food aid considerably reduced food expenditure of households, suggesting that recipients were net buyers of food, and that the food aid received was eectively consumed within the household. A corresponding positive eect on non-food expenditure was not found. Our results also indicate that food aid was eective in increasing meals consumed and in avoiding distress destocking of low value assets, but, surprisingly, only for male headed households.