Title: Disruption of SF3B1 results in deregulated expression and splicing of key genes and pathways in myelodysplastic syndrome hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells
Authors: Dolatshad, H
Pellagatti, A
Fernandez-Mercado, M
Yip, B H
Malcovati, L
Attwood, M
Przychodzen, B
Sahgal, N
Kanapin, A A
Lockstone, H
Scifo, L
Vandenberghe, Peter
Papaemmanuil, E
Smith, C W J
Campbell, P J
Ogawa, S
Maciejewski, J P
Cazzola, M
Savage, K I
Boultwood, J # ×
Issue Date: May-2015
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Series Title: Leukemia vol:29 issue:5 pages:1092-1103
Article number: 10.1038/leu.2014.331
Abstract: The splicing factor SF3B1 is the most commonly mutated gene in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), particularly in patients with refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS). We investigated the functional effects of SF3B1 disruption in myeloid cell lines: SF3B1 knockdown resulted in growth inhibition, cell cycle arrest and impaired erythroid differentiation, and deregulation of many genes and pathways, including cell cycle regulation and RNA processing. MDS is a disorder of the hematopoietic stem cell and we thus studied the transcriptome of CD34(+) cells from MDS patients with SF3B1 mutations using RNA-sequencing. Genes significantly differentially expressed at the transcript and/or exon level in SF3B1 mutant compared to wildtype cases include genes involved in MDS pathogenesis (ASXL1, CBL), iron homeostasis and mitochondrial metabolism (ALAS2, ABCB7, SLC25A37) and RNA splicing/processing (PRPF8, HNRNPD). Many genes regulated by a DNA damage-induced BRCA1-BCLAF1-SF3B1 protein complex showed differential expression/splicing in SF3B1 mutant cases. This is the first study to determine the target genes of SF3B1 mutation in MDS CD34+ cells. Our data indicate that SF3B1 plays a critical role in MDS by affecting the expression and splicing of genes involved in specific cellular processes/pathways, many of which are relevant to the known RARS pathophysiology, suggesting a causal link.Leukemia accepted article preview online, 27 November 2014. doi:10.1038/leu.2014.331.
ISSN: 0887-6924
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Department of Human Genetics - miscellaneous
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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