Echinochrome A regulates phosphorylation of phospholamban Ser16 and Thr17 suppressing cardiac SERCA2A Ca(2+) reuptake
Kim, Hyoung Kyu × Youm, Jae Boum Jeong, Seung Hun Lee, Sung Ryul Song, In-Sung Ko, Tae Hee Pronto, Julius Ryan Ko, Kyung Soo Rhee, Byoung Doo Kim, Nari Nilius, Bernd Mischchenko, Natalia P Fedoreyev, Sergey A Stonik, Valentin A Han, Jin #
Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology vol:467 issue:10 pages:2151-2163
Echinochrome A (Ech A), a marine bio-product isolated from sea urchin eggs, is known to have cardioprotective effects through its strong antioxidant and ATP-sparing capabilities. However, the effects of Ech A on cardiac excitation-contraction (E-C) are not known. In this study, we investigated the effects of Ech A on cardiac contractility and Ca(2+) handling in the rat heart. In ex vivo Langendorff hearts, Ech A (3 μM) decreased left ventricular developing pressure to 77.7 ± 6.5 % of basal level. In isolated ventricular myocytes, Ech A reduced the fractional cell shortening from 3.4 % at baseline to 2.1 %. Ech A increased both diastolic and peak systolic intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)]i). However, the ratio of peak [Ca]i to resting [Ca]i was significantly decreased. Ech A did not affect the L-type Ca(2+) current. Inhibiting the Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger with either NiCl2 or SEA400 did not affect the Ech A-dependent changes in Ca(2+) handling. Our data demonstrate that treatment with Ech A results in a significant reduction in the phosphorylation of phospholamban at both serine 16 and threonine 17 leading to a significant inhibition of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase 2A (SERCA2A) and subsequent reduced Ca(2+) uptake into the intracellular Ca(2+) store. Taken together, our data show that Ech A negatively regulates cardiac contractility by inhibiting SERCA2A activity, which leads to a reduction in internal Ca(2+) stores.