Gehelen en fragmenten. De vele gezichten van de filosofie pages:99-102
In this article I attempt to show that according to Aristotle's analysis chance presupposes the aim of fulfilment of a goal and that an unexpected accidental cause intervenes diverting this fulfilment. Both for Aristotle and Democritus the order in the universe is necessary. For Aristotle it is expected because necessary, for Democritus unexpected because so remarkable. Democritus attributes it to chance, Aristotle to God. However, only if chance is an option in explaining the order in the universe is it satisfactory to conclude that the more likely explanation is final or efficient causality by God.