Title: Prediction of Neonatal Respiratory Function and Pulmonary Hypertension in Fetuses with Isolated Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia in the Fetal Endoscopic Tracleal Occlusion Era: A Single-Center Study
Authors: Done, Elisa ×
Debeer, Anne
Gucciardo, Leonardo
Van Mieghem, Tim
Lewi, Paul
Devlieger, Roland
De Catte, Luc
Lewi, Liesbeth
Allegaert, Karel
Deprest, Jan #
Issue Date: Jan-2015
Publisher: S. Karger
Series Title: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy vol:37 issue:1 pages:24-32
Abstract: Objective: To correlate prenatal indicators of pulmonary hypoplasia with neonatal lung function and pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (iCDH). Materials and Methods: Prospective single-center study on 40 fetuses with iCDH either expectantly managed (n = 13) or undergoing tracheal occlusion (n = 27). Prenatal predictors included observed/expected lung-head ratio (O/E LHR), observed/expected total fetal lung volume, fetal pulmonary reactivity to maternal O2 administration (Δpulsatility index, ΔPI) and liver-to-thorax ratio (LiTR) as measured in the second and third trimesters. Postnatal outcome measures included survival until discharge, best oxygenation index (OI) and alveolar-arterial oxygen gradient [D(A-a)O2] in the first 24 h of life and the occurrence of PHT in the first 28 days of life. Results: Median gestational age (GA) at evaluations was 27.2 and 34.3 weeks. GA at delivery was 36.0 weeks, and overall survival was 55%. In the second trimester, measurement of lung size, LiTR and pulmonary reactivity were significantly related to survival and the best OI and D(A-a)O2.The occurrence of PHT was better predicted by ΔPI and LiTR. Conclusions: O/E LHR, LiTR and vascular reactivity correlate with ventilatory parameters in the first 24 h of life. Occurrence of PHT at ≥28 days was best predicted by LiTR and ΔPI, but not by lung size. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.
ISSN: 1015-3837
Publication status: published
KU Leuven publication type: IT
Appears in Collections:Organ Systems (+)
× corresponding author
# (joint) last author

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