Prevalence of microalbuminuria and diagnostic value of dipstick proteinuria in outpatients from HIV clinics in Bukavu, the Democratic Republic of Congo
Masimango, Mannix Imani × Sumaili, Ernest Kiswaya Jadoul, Michel Wallemacq, Pierre Mubagwa, Kanigula Makulo, Rissassy Jean-Robert Lepira, François Bompeka Nseka, Nazaire Mangani #
BMC Nephrology vol:15 pages:146
Microalbuminuria is a marker of early kidney disease and high cardiovascular risk in various populations, including HIV positive patients. However, the diagnostic value of qualitative (dipstick) proteinuria and the burden of microalbuminuria in HIV positive patients living in sub-Saharan Africa are relatively unclear.